Tuberculosis Control Program
Test people for TB infection by giving a (PPD) TB skin test.
- Chest x-ray people with a positive (PPD) skin test.
If x-ray shows no sign of active TB offer preventive medication.
- If x-ray suggests active TB refer to TB Physician for evaluation.
Provide case management on active TB cases until completion of treatment.
- Monitor patients taking TB medications through Directly Observed Therapy (DOT).
- Investigate all contacts of persons with active TB, evaluate and offer treatment, and follow-up to prevent the development of active TB.
Symptoms of Active Tuberculosis may include a constant cough that lasts two or more weeks (cough may produce phlegm or blood), chest pain, weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. A person with active TB disease is contagious and can infect other people by droplets sprayed into the air especially when they cough or sneeze.
- People who share the same breathing space with an active TB disease case. (Such as family members, friends, and coworkers)
- Homeless people
- Foreign-born people from countries where a lot of people have TB
- Nursing home residents
- Alcoholics and intravenous drug users
- People with medical condition such as diabetes (especially when glucose is uncontrolled), or who take immune-suppressing drugs after transplants, and underweight
- People with HIV infection (the virus that causes AIDS)